Carol Brewer Ph.D. - Lab Website
Plant Functional Morphology and Ecology Education
No Child Left Indoors


Chapin, F. S. III, V. T. Eviner, L. M. Talbot, B. A. Wilcox, D. R. Magness, C.A. Brewer, and D. S. Keebler, 2008. Disease Effects on Landscape and Regional Systems: A Resilience Framework.  In, Ostfeld, R.S., F. Keesing, and V.T. Eviner, eds.  Infectious disease ecology: effects of ecosystems on disease and of disease on ecosystems.  Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. pp 284 – 303.

Brewer, C.A., A. Berkowitz, P. Conrad, J. Patz, J. Porter, and M. Waterman. 2008. Educating about the ecology of infectious diseases. In, Ostfeld, R.S., F. Keesing, and V.T. Eviner, eds.  Infectious disease ecology: effects of ecosystems on disease and of disease on ecosystems.  Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. pp. 448-466.

Premoli, A., and C.A. Brewer . 2007. Environmental v. genetically driven variation in ecophysiological traits of Nothofagus pumilio from contrasting elevations. Australian Journal of Botany 55:585–591.

Piotrowski, J.S., T. Mildenstein, K. Dungan, and C. Brewer. 2007. The radish party: an exciting exploration of soil organic matter for K-2 students.   Science and Children 45:41-45.

Hanson, P.C., P. Arzberger, B. Benson, C.A. Brewer, C. Carey, J. Cole, D. Hamilton, F-P Lin, T. Kratz and K. Weathers: Guest Editorial. 2007.  A grassroots approach to sensor and science networks. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5:343.

Betancourt, J.L. M.D. Schwartz, D.D. Breshears, C.A. Brewer , G. Frazer, J.E. Gross, S.J. Mazer, B.C. Reed and B.E. Wilson. 2007 (May). Evolving Plans for the USA National Phenology Network. Eos 88: 211.

Whiteley, A., J. Woolfe, K. Kennedy, D. Oberbillig, and C.A. Brewer. 2007. Classroom Mark-Recapture with Crickets.  American Biology Teacher. 69:292-297.

Brewer, C.A., and C. I. Nuñez. 2007. Patterns of leaf wettability along an extreme moisture gradient in western Patagonia, Argentina. International Journal of Plant Sciences 168:555-562

Brewer, C.A. 2006.  Translating data into meaning: education in Conservation Biology. Conservation Biology 20:689-691.

Cooperman, M. S. and C.A. Brewer. 2005. Relationship between plant distribution patterns and the process of river island formation. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 20:487-501.

Berkowitz, A., M. Ford, and C.A. Brewer. 2005. A framework for integrating ecological literacy, civics literacy and environmental citizenship in environmental education.  In, Johnson, E.A. and M.J. Mappin (eds.), Environmental Education or Advocacy: Perspectives of Ecology and Education in Environmental Education. Cambridge University Press. New York. Pp 227-266.

Brewer, C.A. and D. Maki.  2005.  Building the Renaissance team. In, Steen, L.A.  (ed.), Math & Bio 2010: Linking Undergraduate Disciplines. The Mathematical Association of America (Washington, DC). pp 45 – 50.

Brewer, C.A. 2004. Near Real-Time Assessment of Student Learning and Understanding in Biology Couses. Bioscience 54:1034-1039

Inouye, D. and C.A. Brewer  2003.  Who are we training in conservation biology graduate programs?  A case study of the Program in Sustainable Development and Conservation Biology at the University of Maryland.  Conservation Biology 17:1204-1208.  

Blank, L. and C.A. Brewer. 2003. Ecology education when no child is left behind.  Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1:383-384.

Brewer, C.A.  2003.  Computers in the Classroom – How information technology can improve conservation education.Conservation Biology 17: 657-660.  

Brewer, C.A. and L.J. Gross.  2003. Training ecologists to think with uncertainty in mind.  Ecology. 84:1412-1414.

Brewer, C.A., D. Smith, C. Snetsinger.  2003.  Journal of DiscoveryFinal Report of an Undergraduate Curriculum Innovation Program in Biology at the University of Montana 30 pp.

Brewer, C. A. 2002. Outreach and partnership programs for conservation education where endangered species conservation and research occur. Conservation Biology 16:1-3.

Brewer, C. A. 2002. Conservation education partnerships in schoolyard laboratories: a call back to action. Conservation Biology 16:577-579.

Schreuder, M.D.J., L.W.A, van Hove, and C. A. Brewer.. 2001. Effects of ozone exposure on leaf wettability and cuticular transpiration of Poplar spp. and Pseudotsuga menziesii foliage. New Phytologist 152:443-454.

Brewer, C.A. 2001.Cultivating conservation literacy: “trickle down” education is not enough. Conservation Biology 15:1203-1205.

Schreuder, M., Brewer C. A. , and C. Heine. 2001. Modeled influences of non-exchanging trichomes on leaf boundary layers and gas exchange. Journal of Theoretical Biology 210:23-32.

Schreuder, M.D.J. and Brewer C. A. . 2001. Effects of short-term, high exposure to chlorine gas on morphology and physiology of Pinus ponderosa and Pseudotsuga menziesii. Annals of Botany 88:187-195.

Schreuder, M.D.J. and Brewer C. A. . 2001. Persistent effects of short-term, high exposure to chlorine gas on physiology and growth of Pinus ponderosa and Pseudotsuga menziesii. Annals of Botany 88:197-206

Brewer, C.A., D. Smith, C. Snetsinger, and L. Mills. 2001. Currents of Change – A report from Project IBS-CORE (Undergraduate Curriculum Innovation in the Biological Sciences).  University of Montana. 24 pp.

Caton, E.C., Brewer C. A. , and F. Brown. 2000. Building teacher-scientist collaborations: teaching about energy through inquiry. School Science and Mathematic 100:7-15.

Brewer, C.A. 2000. A voice from the nineteenth century. BioScience 50:165-168.

Brewer, C.A. 1999. Invited Review of “Ecological Education in Action: On Weaving Education, Culture, and the Environment”. Leisure Sciences 21:327-329.

Brewer, C.A. and C. Zabinski. 1999. Simulating gene flow in a large lecture hall: the ultimate bean counting experience. American Biology Teacher 61:298-302.

Snetsinger, C., Brewer C. A. , and F. Brown. 1999. Capture the Wind: Students Get a Charge from Wind Energy. The Science Teacher 66:38-42.

Brewer, C.A. and D. Ebert-May. 1998. Hearing the case for genetic engineering. Journal of College Science Teaching 28:97-101.

Caton, E., C. Brewer, J. Berkey, and F. Brown. 1998. Pipeline to environmental awareness. The Science Teacher 65:46-50.

Berkowitz, A., C. Brewer and D. Ebert-May. 1998. The biology department of the future. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 79:161-163.

Brewer, C.A. 1998. Preliminary results of the ESA survey on ecology in the undergraduate curriculum. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 79:106-107.

Brewer, C.A. and W.K. Smith. 1997. Patterns of leaf surface wetness for montane and subalpine plants. Plant, Cell and Environment. 20:1-11.

Ebert-May, D., Brewer C. A. and S. Allred. 1997. Innovation in Large Lectures - Teaching for Active Learning. BioScience 47:601-607.

Brewer, C.A. 1996. What’s so bad about being wet all over: investigating the ecological significance of leaf surface wetness. American Biology Teacher 58:414-417.

Brewer, C.A. and W.K. Smith. 1995. Leaf surface wetness and gas exchange in the pond lily Nuphar polysepalum (Nymphaeacea). American Journal of Botany 82:1271-1277.

Brewer, C.A. 1995. Biology on the rack: a simple device to measure tensile strength. American Biology Teacher 57:168-170.

Smith, W.K. and Brewer C. A. . 1994. The adaptive importance of conifer shoot and crown architecture. American Naturalist 143:528-532.

Brewer, C.A. and W.K. Smith. 1994. Influence of simulated dewfall on photosynthesis and above ground production in soybean isolines (Glycine max [L.] Merr. cv Williams) with different trichome densities. International Journal of Plant Sciences 115:460-466.

Brewer, C.A. and T.G. Thompson. 1994. The aquatic plant community in Jackson Lake, Grand Teton National Park: dynamics of a disturbed system. In, D. Despain (ed.), Plants and Their Environments 1st Biennial Scientific Conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. National Park Service Transaction Series, pp. 31-43.

Brewer, C.A. and J.M. Beiswenger. 1993. Carbon dioxide and the greenhouse effect: a problem evaluation activity. American Biology Teacher 55:238-240.

Beiswenger, J.M. and Brewer C. A. . 1993. Predicting biological response to global warming: a lab to promote discussion. American Biology Teacher 55:222-226.

Brewer, C.A., K. Doyle, J.J. Honaker, J.C. Krumm, W.F.J. Parson, and T.T. Schulz. 1992. The sustainable biosphere initiative: a student critique and call to action. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 73:23-25.

Brewer, C.A. 1992. Evaluation of stomatal response to leaf micro environmental conditions. In, C.A. Goldman (ed.), Proceedings of the 13th Workshop/Conference of the Association for Biology Laboratory Education Manual (ABLE). 191 pp.

Brewer, C.A., W.K. Smith and T.C. Vogelmann. 1991. Functional interaction between leaf trichomes, leaf wettability, and the optical properties of water droplets. Plant, Cell and Environment 14:955-962.

Brewer, C.A. and M. Parker. 1990. Adaptations of macrophytes to life in moving water: upslope limits and mechanical properties of stems. Hydrobiologia 194:133-142.

Brewer, C.A. and B. Rørslett. 1987. Norwegian macrophyte models applied to an American reservoir. In, S. Bretten and O.I Roenning (eds), Symposium in Vegetation Ecology at Kongsvold, Norway. 1987. Univ. Trondheim, Vidensk. Mus. Rapp. Bot. Ser. pp 7-17.